Where the coastal plains of the Lowveld meet the Drakensberg escarpment between Hoedspruit and Hazyview, the change is quite sudden and dramatic with the ramparts of the Drakensberg Escarpment towering over the Lowveld, providing breathtaking views like Wonderview near Graskop and God's window.
Between Barberton and Swaziland in the south, to White River and Nelspruit in the north, you have a somewhat different transition from the Highveld to the Lowveld.
The solid looking escarpment is riven by among others, two rivers, the Crocodile and the Elands.
The Crocodile (Ngwenya or Kwena) descends the escarpment from Lydenburg's side, down Schoemans Kloof and the Elands River falls over the impressive waterfall giving the names to the towns, Waterval Boven (Above the falls) and Waterval Onder (Below the falls).
These two rivers join up at Montrose and flow on as the Crocodile River past Nelspruit through the Crocodile Gorge and on to Komatipoort, then through the Lebombo range to Mozambique. South of the Crocodile River the escarpment juts out in the form of a Cape.
Right at the top of this Cape of the escarpment, lying at 6000 ft above sea level, is perched the picturesque little hamlet of Kaapsche Hoop, on the edge of what is known as the Ngodwana Plateau.
To the south of this cape there is a valley wherein lies the town of Barberton and this valley was given the name De Kaap Valley or more sinister yet “The Valley of Death”.
The Kaap Valley has numerous rivers running through it, like the Ngwenyana (Little Crocodile River), Noordkaap River, Suidkaap River, Queens and others.
These rivers have over the ages eroded the Kaap Valley and formed a kaleidoscope of numerous little ravines all covered by bushveld, harbouring a variety of various mineral and semi precious stone deposits, from as far back as the prehistoric Achaean Age, known as the "Barberton Greenstone Belt".
These eventually all join up and run through the mountains to join the Crocodile River at Kaapmuiden.